What Are the Different Types of Abortion?

 It can be difficult to make a decision when coming to terms with an unplanned pregnancy. All the emotions and questions that come seem overwhelming. You’re not alone and you’re strong. Here’s valuable information to consider when exploring the option of abortion. Be educated today so you can decide with clarity. 

How Does Abortion Work?

Abortion is the process of terminating a pregnancy, either through medication abortion or surgical abortion. Each type has risks and side effects. 

The FDA has only approved medication abortion for women within the first 70 days of pregnancy. Afterward, your only abortion option is a surgical abortion, which you can read about below.

Two Different Types of Abortion

Medication Abortion

Also known as the abortion pill method, medication abortion consists of two very powerful drugs that work to end a pregnancy. First, mifepristone causes the uterus lining to thin by blocking the womb from absorbing progesterone (a pregnancy hormone). Secondly, misoprostol is taken to cause the uterus to contract and expel the pregnancy.

Risks of Medication Abortion

According to Mayo Clinic, medication abortion comes with serious risks including…

  • An ongoing pregnancy if the procedure fails
  • Incomplete abortion (which may need to be followed by surgical abortion)
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding
  • Digestive system discomfort
  • Infection
  • Fever

Surgical Abortion

There are two types of surgical abortion: D&E (Dilation & Evacuation) and D&C (Dilation & Curettage). Each procedure dilates your cervix and combines vacuum aspiration (suction) and other surgical tools to remove the pregnancy. Surgical abortion is performed at an abortion clinic and it’s vital to understand the number of risks.

Risks of Surgical Abortion

Both surgical abortion procedures use similar techniques and have similar risks. According to the Mayo Clinic, risks include…

  • Perforation of the uterus, or when a surgical instrument pokes a hole in the uterus
  • Damage to the cervix
  • Scar tissue on the uterine wall
  • Infection

What Should I Know Beforehand? 

First, you will want to confirm your pregnancy with lab-quality pregnancy testing and ultrasound at our center. You may want to explore your pregnancy choices before making a final decision. We’re here to offer you more information on all your options as well as free and confidential pregnancy services.

Schedule a free and confidential appointment today to learn more. 

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